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Crayford Temple Grove

Maths

Maths

Maths Vision

At Haberdashers' Crayford Primary, mathematics is understood to be an essential life skill which enables children to understand and access the world around them. We want our students to leave our school as confident mathematicians who value the subject and understand its importance in their school life and beyond. Our global curriculum lends itself to this world view of mathematics and allows our students to see how the subject is used in the local community, nationally and globally.

We foster a love of maths through embedding a mastery approach, where mathematical content is taught in depth through creative means, allowing children to flourish as confident mathematicians. We use a range of creative approaches and resources, particularly manipulatives and representations, to engage our pupils and allow them to visualise mathematical structures.

‘Mastery of mathematics is not a fixed state but a continuum. At each stage of learning, pupils should acquire and demonstrate sufficient grasp of the mathematics relevant to their year group, so that their learning is sustainable over time and can be built upon in subsequent years. This requires development of depth through looking at concepts in detail using a variety of representations and contexts and committing key facts, such as number bonds and times tables, to memory.’ - NCETM

Our mastery approach[i] ensures that every child can succeed in maths. Maths teaching for mastery ‘rejects the idea that a large proportion of people ‘just can’t do maths’ NCTEM. We recognise that mathematical knowledge needs to be taught as declarative, procedural, and conditional[1] to ensure it is committed to long-term memory. We focus on teaching core concepts in depth, particularly in EYFS and KS1, to ensure they are embedded into long-term memory before introducing new material. When introduced, new material is delivered in small steps and builds upon core concepts. This approach ensures less ‘re-teaching’ as pupils progress through their schooling. All pupils are taught together, so nobody gets left behind.

‘A mathematical concept or skill has been mastered when, through exploration, clarification, practice and application over time, a person can represent it in multiple ways, has the mathematical language to be able to communicate related ideas, and can think mathematically with the concept so that they can independently apply it to a totally new problem in an unfamiliar situation.’ – Helen Drury 2014

We have adopted the ‘five big ideas for teaching mastery’ from the NCETM which have been drawn from research which underpins teaching for mastery: 

Coherence

Lessons are broken down into small, connected steps that gradually unfold the concept, providing access for all children and leading to a generalisation of the concept and the ability to apply the concept to a range of contexts.

Representation and Structure

Representations used in lessons expose the mathematical structure being taught, the aim being that students can do the maths without recourse to the representation.

Mathematical Thinking

If taught ideas are to be understood deeply, they must not merely be passively received but must be worked on by the student, thought about, reasoned with, and discussed with others.

Fluency

Quick and efficient recall of facts and procedures and the flexibility to move between different contexts and representations of mathematics.

Variation

Variation is twofold. It is firstly about how the teacher represents the concept being taught, often in more than one way, to draw attention to critical aspects, and to develop deep and holistic understanding. It is also about the sequencing of the episodes, activities and exercises used within a lesson and follow up practice, paying attention to what is kept the same and what changes, to connect the mathematics and draw attention to mathematical relationships and structure.

The Five Big Ideas were first published by the NCETM in 2017.

Early Maths 

In Early Years, mathematics is taught and learnt through play and practical experiences. Teachers provide daily input through carpet sessions and focus groups, which are developed as the year progresses. Much of the teaching is based on the NCETM’s mastering number approach to secure knowledge of number before moving onto other concepts such as addition, subtraction, and shape. Through the provision, children can apply what they have learnt to real life experiences.

We use concrete pictorial and an abstract approach in early maths to ensure children have a strong understanding and foundation of number and calculation methods. We understand that in order to master maths, children need to be confident using a resource before they can understand pictorial and abstract calculation strategies. We have chosen to focus on using a tailored group of resources to ensure children have the time to practise using these until they cannot get them wrong. Using multilink, cubes, rekenreks, and dienes are a focus in our early maths. These concrete resources are used to support learners though the school and in interventions to support the progress of children who need more targeted support. 

Mastering number

Mastering number aims to secure firm foundations in the development of good number sense for all children from Reception through to Year 1 and Year 2. The aim over time is that children will leave KS1 with fluency in calculation and a confidence and flexibility with number. Attention will be given to key knowledge and understanding needed in Reception classes, and progression through KS1 to support success in the future. – NCETM

We have short daily sessions to embed the mastering number programme for EYFS and KS1. In EYFS, sessions may take longer to ensure the concept of number has been secured.

Structure and implementation

The mastery approach, as well as the White Rose Maths scheme, are used to support our intent for mathematics. The White Rose Maths scheme provides a ‘vast bank of clear, practical’ resources which can support children in securing mastery and beyond. Our teachers are encouraged to use the scheme as a supportive measure to develop their understanding of the subject and are discouraged from rigidly following every sequence of lessons.

‘In line with our mastery approach to the teaching and learning of mathematics, our schemes are split into blocks that allow plenty of time for thorough study of every topic. Teachers of course know their children and the experiences they have had best. We encourage teachers to use this knowledge to make the schemes work for them, adding extra time where necessary for topics that need most attention and adapting other learning accordingly.’ – White Rose Maths

This is because every child and class are different and our teachers need to prioritise the concepts which are not yet embedded into long term memory, and work at the children’s level, only providing greater depth questions which focus on the concept being taught once mastery has been achieved, although rehearsing and explaining the concept to others always takes place first.

Key skills and concepts are built upon sequentially each year by using our maths progression of skills map. This is then supported by the materials from the NCETM, which provide a coherent teaching sequence. The teacher guides available highlight the key teaching points, common misconceptions, key questions, links to prior learning, highlight where connections are and how the learning progresses.

 

To support planning, teachers then take materials from the blocks available in the White Rose Maths scheme.

 

This is then supported by regular, low stakes assessments, demonstrating a low-threat, high-challenge model which builds children’s self-esteem. These can be seen at the beginning of each maths lesson for years 2-6 for example, where we adapt White Rose’s flashback four to recap key learning taught the previous day, week, term, and year.

All pupils complete the available end of block assessments and teachers use these to inform future planning.

Planning

We use the S planning model to teach maths as a cohesive journey, rather than following a specific set of individual lessons produced by a scheme. The approach is flexible and allows teachers to consider: the teaching activities, representations, possible misconceptions, oracy, metacognition, feedback, and what might need to be in place, i.e., scaffolds for different groups of learners. This ensures that teachers are not influenced by the coverage, but by the depth at which pupils are learning. We focus on the needs of each individual student as opposed to where they should be at a particular point in the year.

Maths talk

Mathematical language and dialogue is a key aspect of our maths teaching and can be seen in lessons daily. Key vocabulary and question stems are visible in the classroom environment and give pupils the confidence to discuss their learning.

Stem sentences are available in each of the NCETM’s teacher guides. The stem sentences are repeated and used in different contexts to develop fluency.

Reasoning and Problem Solving

Research by Nunes (2009) identified the ability to reason mathematically as the most important factor in a pupil’s success in mathematics. It is therefore crucial that opportunities to develop mathematical reasoning skills are integrated fully into the curriculum. Such skills support deep and sustainable learning and enable pupils to make connections in mathematics. – NCETM

Through the supporting materials, teachers have access to a range of reasoning questions and to ensure our pupils can articulate their reasoning, we use the show it, draw it, explain it, prove it, justify it model. This allows pupils to think deeply about their responses and confidently articulate their reasoning.

Times Tables Rock Stars

Times Tables Rock Stars is a carefully sequenced programme of daily times tables practice.

Each week concentrates on a different times table, with a consolidation week for rehearsing the tables that have recently been practised every third week.

We celebrate participation in the programme weekly and expect pupils to complete a minimum of four sessions per week.

To support the programme and ensure our pupils have a deep knowledge of multiplication, we use the CPA approach (Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract) and encourage opportunities to apply their multiplication knowledge to real-life experiences. 

‘Although learning tables by rote is by far the best method for speed and efficiency, accurately reciting the times tables doesn’t mean children ‘know’ them. Children who claim to know all their tables only have a superficial understanding of them.’ - Dabell 2017

Our approach ensures pupils at Haberdashers' Crayford Primary do not just have a ‘superficial’ understanding of multiplication, but a deep knowledge to access the maths curriculum. 

Footnotes

[i] The essential idea behind mastery is that all children need a deep understanding of the mathematics they are learning so that:

  • future mathematical learning is built on solid foundations which do not need to be re-taught;
  • there is no need for separate catch-up programmes due to some children falling behind;
  • children who, under other teaching approaches, can often fall a long way behind, are better able to keep up with their peers, so that gaps in attainment are narrowed whilst the attainment of all is raised.

[1] Declarative knowledge can be prefaced with the sentence stem ‘I know that’ and consists of facts and concepts. 

Procedural knowledge can be prefaced with the sentence stem ‘I know how’ and consists of a sequence of steps. 

Conditional knowledge can be prefaced with ‘I know when’ and focuses on strategies to reason and problem solve.

Maths Overview

Reception

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

Maths Progression Map

Progression in Addition and Subtraction 

 

 

NUMBER BONDS

 

 

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20.  Compare number bonds. 

recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use related facts up to 100 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MENTAL CALCULATION

 

 

add and subtract one-digit and twodigit numbers to 20, including zero 

add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including: 

*      a two-digit number and ones 

*      a two-digit number and tens 

*      two two-digit numbers 

*      adding three onedigit numbers 

add and subtract numbers mentally, including: 

*      a three-digit number and ones 

*      a three-digit number and tens

*      a three-digit number and

hundreds 

 

 

add and subtract numbers mentally with increasingly large numbers 

 

perform mental calculations, including with mixed operations

and large numbers

 

read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving addition (+), subtraction (-) and equals (=) signs  (appears also in

Written Methods)

show that addition of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction of one number from another cannot 

 

 

 

use their knowledge of the order of operations to carry out

calculations involving

the four operations 

 

 

WRITTEN METHODS

 

Year 1

 

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving

addition (+), subtraction (-) and equals (=) signs 

(appears also in

Mental Calculation)

 

 

add and subtract numbers with up to three digits, using formal written methods of columnar addition and

subtraction 

 

add and subtract numbers with up to 4 digits using the formal written methods of columnar addition and subtraction where appropriate 

 

 

add and subtract whole numbers with more than 4 digits, including using formal written methods (columnar addition and subtraction) 

 

Comparing addition and subtraction statements

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INVERSE OPERATIONS, ESTIMATING AND CHECKING ANSWERS

 

Finding a part when using a part whole model

 

recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems.

estimate the answer to a calculation and use inverse operations

to check answers 

 

estimate and use inverse operations to check answers to a calculation 

 

use rounding to check answers to calculations and determine, in the context of a problem,

levels of accuracy 

 

use estimation to check answers to calculations and determine, in the context of a problem, levels of accuracy.

 

 

 

PROBLEM SOLVING

 

 

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

solve one-step problems that involve addition and subtraction, using concrete objects and pictorial representations, and missing number problems

such as  7 = * - 9

solve problems with addition and subtraction: 

* using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures  * applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods 

solve problems, including missing number problems, using number facts, place value, and more complex addition and subtraction 

 

solve addition and subtraction two-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and

methods to use and why

solve addition and subtraction multi-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and

methods to use and why

solve addition and subtraction multi-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and

methods to use and why

 

solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change (copied

from Measurement)

Solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division

 

Progression in Multiplication and Division

 

 

 

MULTIPLICATION & DIVISION FACTS

 

 

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

 

Year 6

count in multiples of twos, fives and tens 

(copied from

Number and Place

Value)

count in steps of 2, 3, and 5 from 0, and in tens from any number, forward or backward 

(copied from Number and Place Value)

count from 0 in multiples of

4, 8, 50 and 100 

(copied from Number and

Place Value)

 

count in multiples of 6, 7, 9, 25 and 1

000 

(copied from

Number and Place

Value)

 

 

count forwards or backwards in steps of powers of 10 for any given number up to 

1 000 000 

(copied from Number and Place Value)

 

 

 

recall and use multiplication and division facts for the

2, 5 and 10

multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers 

recall and use

multiplication and division facts for the 3, 4 and 8

multiplication tables 

 

recall

multiplication and division facts for multiplication tables up to 12 × 12

 

 

 

 

 

MENTAL CALCULATION

 

 

 

 

write and calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division using the multiplication tables that they know, including for two-digit numbers times one-digit numbers, using mental and progressing to formal written methods

use place value, known and derived facts to multiply and divide mentally, including: multiplying by 0 and 1; dividing by 1; multiplying together three numbers 

multiply and divide numbers mentally drawing upon known facts

perform mental calculations, including with mixed operations

and large numbers 

 

 

 

 

 

(appears also in Written

Methods)

 

 

 

 

show that multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of one number by another cannot

 

recognise and use factor pairs and commutativity in mental calculations (appears also in

Properties of

Numbers) 

multiply and divide whole numbers and those involving decimals by 10, 100 and 1000

associate a fraction with division and calculate decimal fraction equivalents (e.g. 0.375) for a simple fraction (e.g. 3/8

(copied from Fractions)

 

WRITTEN CALCULATION

Year 1

Year 2

 

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

 

calculate mathematical

statements for multiplication and division within the multiplication tables and write them using the multiplication (×), division (÷) and equals

(=) signs 

 

 

write and calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division using the multiplication tables that they know, including for twodigit numbers times one-digit numbers, using mental and progressing to formal written methods (appears also in Mental

Methods)

multiply two-digit and three-digit numbers by a one-digit number using formal

written layout 

 

multiply numbers up to 4 digits by a one- or two-digit number using a formal written method, including long multiplication for two-digit numbers

multiply multi-digit numbers

up to 4 digits by a two-digit whole number using the formal written method of long multiplication 

 

 

 

 

 

 

divide numbers up to 4 digits by a onedigit number using

divide numbers up to 4-digits by a two-digit whole number using the formal written

 

 

 

 

the formal written method of short division and interpret remainders appropriately for the context 

method of short division where appropriate for the context divide numbers up to 4 digits by a two-digit whole number using the formal written method of long

division, and interpret remainders as whole number remainders, fractions, or by rounding, as appropriate for the context

 

 

 

 

 

use written division methods in cases where the answer has up to two decimal places

(copied from Fractions

(including decimals)

 

PROPERTIES OF NUMBERS: MULTIPLES, FACTORS, PRIMES, SQUARE AND CUBE NUMBERS

Year 1

 

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

 

 

 

 

recognise and use factor pairs and commutativity in mental calculations

(repeated) 

identify multiples and factors, including finding all factor pairs of a number, and common factors of two numbers.

identify common factors, common multiples and prime

numbers 

 

 

use common factors

to simplify fractions;

use common

multiples to express fractions in the same denomination 

(copied from

Fractions) 

 

know and use the vocabulary of prime numbers, prime factors and composite (non-prime) numbers

establish whether a number up to 100 is prime and recall

prime numbers up to

19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

recognise and use square numbers and cube numbers, and the notation for squared (2) and cubed

(3)

calculate, estimate and compare volume of cubes and cuboids using standard units, including centimetre cubed (cm3) and cubic metres (m3), and extending to other units such as mm3 and km3 

(copied from

Measures)

 

 

ORDER OF OPERATIONS

Year 1

Year 2

 

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

 

 

 

 

 

 

use their knowledge of the order of operations to carry out calculations involving the four operations

 

 

 INVERSE OPERATIONS, ESTIMATING AND CHECKING ANSWERS

 

                           

estimate the answer estimate and use  use estimation to to a calculation and inverse operations to check answers to use inverse check answers to a calculations and operations to check calculation  determine, in the

answers (copied from (copied from Addition context of a problem, Addition and and Subtraction)  levels of accuracy

Subtraction)   

 

 

 

PROBLEM SOLVING

Year 1

Year 2

 

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

solve one-step problems involving multiplication and division, by calculating the answer using concrete objects, pictorial

representations and arrays with the support of the teacher

solve problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts

solve problems, including missing number problems, involving multiplication and division, including positive integer scaling problems and correspondence problems in which n objects are connected to m objects

solve problems involving multiplying and adding, including using the distributive law to multiply two digit numbers by one digit, integer scaling problems and harder correspondence problems such as n objects are connected to m objects

solve problems involving multiplication and division including using their knowledge of factors and multiples, squares and cubes 

solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division 

 

 

solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and a combination of these, including understanding the meaning of the equals

sign

 

 

solve problems involving multiplication and division, including scaling by simple fractions and problems involving simple rates

solve problems involving similar shapes where the scale factor is known or can be found 

(copied from Ratio and Proportion)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Progression in Number and Place Value 

 

 

 

COUNTING

 

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

count to and across 100, forwards and backwards, beginning with 0 or 1, or from any given number 

 

 

count backwards through zero to include negative

numbers 

 

interpret negative numbers in context, count forwards and backwards with positive and negative whole numbers, including through zero

use negative numbers in context, and calculate

intervals across zero 

 

count, read and write numbers to 100 in numerals; count in multiples of twos, fives and tens 

count in steps of 2, 3, and 5 from 0, and in tens from any number,

forward or backward 

 

count from 0 in multiples of 4, 8, 50 and 100; 

 

count in multiples of 6,

7, 9, 25 and 1 000

 

 

 

count forwards or backwards in steps of powers of 10 for

any given number up

to 1 000 000 

 

given a number, identify one more and one less 

 

find 10 or 100 more or less than a given number 

find 1 000 more or less

than a given number 

 

 

 

 

 

COMPARING NUMBERS

 

use the language of: equal to, more than, less than (fewer),

most, least 

 

compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use <, > and = signs 

 

compare and order

numbers up to 1 000

 

order and compare numbers beyond 1 000

read, write, order and

compare numbers to at least 1 000 000 and determine the value of each digit 

(appears also in

Reading and Writing

Numbers)

read, write, order and compare numbers up

to 

10 000000 and determine the value of each digit (appears also in Reading and Writing Numbers)

compare numbers with the same number of decimal places up to two decimal places 

(copied from

Fractions)

 

IDENTIFYING, REPRESENTING AND ESTIMATING NUMBERS

identify and represent numbers using objects and pictorial representations

including the number line

identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations,

including the number

line 

identify, represent and estimate numbers using different

representations 

 

identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations

 

 

 

 

 

 READING AND WRITING NUMBERS (including Roman Numerals)

 

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

read and write numbers from 1 to 20 in numerals and words.

read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words 

 

read and write numbers up to 1 000 in numerals and in words 

 

 

 

 

read Roman numerals

to 100 (I to C) and know that over time, the numeral system changed to include the concept of zero and place value.

read, write, order and

compare numbers to at least 1 000 000 and determine the value of each digit 

(appears also in

Comparing Numbers)

read, write, order and compare numbers up

to 

10 000 000 and determine the value of

each digit (appears also in

Understanding Place

Value)

tell and write the time from an analogue

clock, including using Roman numerals from

I to XII, and 12-hour and 24-hour clocks 

(copied from

Measurement) 

read Roman numerals to 1 000 (M) and recognise years written in Roman numerals.

 

 

UNDERSTANDING PLACE VALUE

 

 

recognise the place value of each digit in a two-digit number

(tens, ones) 

 

recognise the place value of each digit in a three-digit number (hundreds, tens, ones) 

 

recognise the place value of each digit in a four-digit number (thousands, hundreds, tens, and ones)  

read, write, order and

compare numbers to at least 1 000 000 and

read, write, order and compare numbers up

to 

10 000 000 and determine the value of

 

 

 

 

determine the value of each digit 

(appears also in

Reading and Writing Numbers) recognise and use thousandths and relate them to tenths, hundredths and decimal equivalents

(copied from

Fractions)

each digit (appears also in Reading and Writing Numbers)

find the effect of dividing a one- or two-digit number by 10 and 100, identifying the value of the digits in the answer as units, tenths and hundredths 

(copied from

Fractions)

identify the value of each digit to three decimal places and multiply and divide numbers by 10, 100 and

1 000 where the answers are up to three decimal places

(copied from

Fractions)

 

 

 

ROUNDING

 

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

 

 

 

round any number to the nearest 10, 100 or 1

000 

 

round any number up

to  1 000 000 to the nearest 10, 100, 1 000, 10 000 and 100 000 

round any whole number to a required

degree of accuracy 

 

 

 

 

round decimals with one decimal place to

the nearest whole number

(copied from Fractions) 

 

round decimals with two decimal places to the nearest whole number and to one decimal place 

(copied from

Fractions)

solve problems which require answers to be rounded to specified degrees of accuracy

(copied from

Fractions) 

 

 

PROBLEM SOLVING

 

 

use place value and number facts to solve problems

solve number problems and practical problems involving these ideas.

solve number and practical problems that involve all of the above and with increasingly large positive numbers 

solve number problems and practical problems that involve all of the above 

solve number and practical problems

that involve all of the above

 

 

Progression in Measurement 

 

 

COMPARING AND ESTIMATING

 

 

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

compare, describe and solve practical problems for: 

*      lengths and heights [e.g. long/short, longer/shorter, tall/short, double/half] 

*      mass/weight [e.g. heavy/light, heavier than, lighter than]  * capacity and volume [e.g.

full/empty, more than, less than, half, half full, quarter] 

*      time [e.g. quicker, slower, earlier, later] 

compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, < and = 

 

 

estimate, compare and calculate different measures, including money in pounds and pence 

(also included in

Measuring)

 

calculate and compare the area of squares and rectangles including using standard units, square centimetres (cm2) and square metres (m2) and estimate the area of irregular shapes (also included in measuring)

calculate, estimate and compare volume of cubes and cuboids using standard units, including centimetre cubed (cm3) and cubic metres (m3), and extending to other units such as mm3 and km3.

estimate volume (e.g.

using 1 cm3 blocks to build cubes and cuboids) and capacity

(e.g. using water)

 

 

sequence events in chronological order using language [e.g. before and after, next, first, today, yesterday, tomorrow, morning, afternoon and evening]

compare and sequence

intervals of time 

 

compare durations of events, for example to calculate the time taken by particular events or tasks

 

 

 

 

 

estimate and read time with increasing accuracy to the nearest minute; record and compare time in terms of seconds, minutes, hours and o’clock; use vocabulary such as

a.m./p.m., morning, afternoon, noon and midnight (appears also in Telling the Time)

 

 

 

MEASURING and CALCULATING

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

measure and begin to record the following:  * lengths and heights 

*      mass/weight 

*      capacity and volume 

*      time (hours, minutes, seconds) 

 

choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass

(kg/g);

temperature (°C); capacity

(litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit,

measure, compare, add and subtract: lengths

(m/cm/mm); mass

(kg/g); volume/capacity

(l/ml) 

 

estimate, compare and calculate different measures, including money in pounds and pence 

(appears also in

Comparing) 

 

use all four operations to solve problems involving measure (e.g. length, mass, volume, money) using decimal notation including scaling.

 

 

solve problems involving the calculation and conversion of units of measure, using decimal notation up to three decimal places where appropriate  (appears also in

Converting)  

 

 

using rulers, scales,

thermometers and measuring vessels

 

 

 

 

 

 

measure the perimeter

of simple 2-D shapes 

 

measure and calculate the perimeter of a rectilinear figure (including squares) in centimetres and metres 

measure and calculate the perimeter of composite rectilinear shapes in centimetres and metres 

recognise that shapes with the same areas can have different perimeters and vice versa 

 

 

 

MEASURING and CALCULATING

 

 

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

recognise and know

the value of

different denominations of coins and notes

recognise and use symbols for pounds

(£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular value

add and subtract amounts of money to give change, using both £ and p in practical

contexts 

 

 

 

 

find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money

 

solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same

 

 

unit, including giving change

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

find the area of rectilinear shapes by

counting squares 

 

calculate and compare the area of squares and rectangles including using standard units, square centimetres (cm2) and square metres (m2) and estimate the area of irregular shapes 

 

recognise and use square numbers and cube numbers, and the notation

for squared (2) and cubed

(3

(copied from

Multiplication and

Division)

calculate the area of parallelograms and triangles 

calculate, estimate and compare volume of cubes and cuboids using standard units, including cubic centimetres (cm3) and cubic metres (m3), and extending to other units [e.g. mm3 and km3]. 

recognise when it is possible to use formulae for area and volume of shapes 

TELLING THE TIME

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

tell the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times. 

tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times.

tell and write the time from an analogue clock, including using Roman numerals

from I to XII, and 12-hour and 24hour clocks 

read, write and convert time between analogue and digital 12 and 24-hour clocks

(appears also in

Converting)

 

 

recognise and use language relating to dates, including days of the week,

know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day. 

estimate and read  time with increasing accuracy to the

 

 

 

weeks, months and years

(appears also in

Converting)

 

nearest minute; record and compare time in terms of seconds, minutes, hours and o’clock; use vocabulary such as a.m./p.m., morning, afternoon, noon and midnight  (appears also in

Comparing and

Estimating)

 

 

 

 

 

 

solve problems involving converting from hours to minutes; minutes to seconds; years to months; weeks to days 

(appears also in

Converting)

solve problems involving converting between units of time

 

 

 

 

 

CONVERTING

 

 

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

 

know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day.  (appears also in

Telling the Time)

 

know the number of seconds in a minute and the number of days in each month,

year and leap year 

 

convert between different units of measure (e.g.

kilometre to metre;

hour to minute) 

 

convert  between different units of metric measure (e.g. kilometre and metre; centimetre and metre; centimetre and millimetre; gram

use, read, write and convert between standard units, converting

measurements of length, mass, volume and time from a smaller unit of measure to a larger unit,

 

 

 

 

and kilogram; litre and millilitre)

 

and vice versa, using decimal notation to up to three decimal places 

 

 

 

read, write and convert time between analogue and digital 12 and 24-hour clocks 

(appears also in

Converting) 

 

solve problems involving converting

between units of time 

 

solve problems involving the calculation and conversion of units of measure, using decimal notation up to three decimal places where appropriate 

(appears also in

Measuring and

Calculating) 

 

 

 

solve problems involving converting from hours to minutes; minutes to seconds; years to months; weeks to days 

(appears also in

Telling the Time)

understand and use equivalences between metric units and common imperial units such as inches, pounds and pints 

convert between miles and kilometres 

 

Progression in Fractions (including decimals and percentages)

 

 

COUNTING IN FRACTIONAL STEPS

 

 

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

 

Pupils should count in fractions up to 10, starting from any number and using the

1/2 and  2/4 equivalence on the number line (Non Statutory Guidance)

count up and down in tenths

count up and down in hundredths

 

 

 

 

RECOGNISING FRACTIONS

 

 

recognise, find and name a half as one of two equal parts of an object, shape or quantity 

 

recognise, find,

name and write

fractions 1/ , 1/ , 2/

                       3       4        4

and 3/ of a length,

4

shape, set of objects or quantity 

 

recognise, find and write fractions of a discrete set of objects: unit fractions and non-unit fractions with small denominators 

recognise that hundredths arise when dividing an object by one hundred and dividing tenths by ten

 

 

 

 

 

 

recognise and use thousandths and relate them to tenths, hundredths and decimal equivalents  

(appears also in

Equivalence)

 

 

 

recognise that tenths arise from dividing an object into 10 equal parts and in dividing one – digit numbers or quantities by 10.

recognise, find and name a quarter as one of four equal parts of an object, shape or quantity

recognise and use fractions as numbers: unit fractions and non-unit fractions with small denominators

 

 

COMPARING FRACTIONS

 

 

 

 

compare and order unit fractions, and fractions with the same denominators 

 

 

compare and order fractions whose denominators are all multiples of the same number 

compare and order fractions, including

fractions >1 

 

 

 

COMPARING DECIMALS

 

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

 

 

 

compare numbers with the same number of decimal places up to two decimal places 

read, write, order and compare numbers with up to three decimal places

identify the value of each digit in numbers

given to three decimal places 

 

ROUNDING INCLUDING DECIMALS

 

 

 

 

round decimals with one decimal place to the nearest whole number 

round decimals with two decimal places to the nearest whole number and to one decimal place

solve problems which require answers to be rounded to specified degrees of accuracy 

 

EQUIVALENCE (INCLUDING FRACTIONS, DECIMALS AND PERCENTAGES)

 

 

write simple

fractions e.g. 1/ of 6

2

= 3 and recognise the equivalence of

2                    1

/ and / .

   4                   2

recognise and show, using diagrams, equivalent fractions with small

denominators 

 

recognise and show, using diagrams, families of common equivalent fractions 

 

identify, name and write equivalent fractions of a given fraction, represented visually, including tenths and hundredths 

use common factors

to simplify fractions; use common

multiples to express fractions in the same denomination 

 

 

 

 

recognise and write decimal equivalents of any number of tenths or hundredths

 

read and write decimal numbers as

fractions (e.g. 0.71 =

71

   /    ) 

100

associate a fraction with division and calculate decimal fraction equivalents (e.g. 0.375) for a simple fraction (e.g.

3 / ) 

8

recognise and use thousandths and relate them to tenths, hundredths and

 

 

 

 

 

decimal equivalents

 

 

 

 

recognise and write decimal

equivalents to 1/ ; 1/ ; 3/

                                  4       2        4

 

recognise the per cent symbol (%) and understand that per cent relates to “number of parts per hundred”, and write percentages as a fraction with denominator 100 as a decimal fraction

recall and use equivalences between simple fractions, decimals and percentages, including in different contexts.

ADDITION AND SUBTRACTION OF FRACTIONS

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

 

 

add and subtract fractions with the same denominator within one

whole (e.g. 5/

7

+ 1/ = 6/ ) 

        7           7

 

add and subtract fractions with the same denominator 

 

add and subtract fractions with the same denominator and multiples of the same number 

add and subtract fractions with different denominators and mixed numbers, using the

concept of equivalent fractions 

 

recognise mixed numbers and improper fractions and convert from one form to the other and write mathematical statements > 1 as a mixed number (e.g.

2           4           6               1

/ + / = / = 1 / )

    5            5           5              5

MULTIPLICATION AND DIVISION OF FRACTIONS

 

 

 

 

 

multiply proper fractions and mixed numbers by whole numbers, supported by materials and diagrams 

multiply simple pairs of proper fractions, writing the answer in its simplest form (e.g.

1           1           1

/ × / = / )

   4          2           8

multiply one-digit numbers with up to two decimal places by whole numbers 

 

 

 

 

 

divide proper fractions by whole

numbers (e.g. 1/ ÷ 2 =

3 1

/ )

6

 

 

MULTIPLICATION AND DIVISION OF DECIMALS

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

 

 

 

 

 

multiply one-digit numbers with up to two decimal places by whole numbers 

 

 

 

find the effect of dividing a one- or two-digit number by 10 and 100, identifying the value of the digits in the answer as ones, tenths and hundredths 

 

multiply and divide numbers by 10, 100 and 1000 where the answers are up to three decimal places

 

 

 

 

 

identify the value of each digit to three decimal places and multiply and divide numbers by 10, 100

 

 

 

 

 

 

and 1000 where the answers are up to three decimal places 

 

 

 

 

 

associate a fraction with division and calculate decimal fraction equivalents (e.g. 0.375) for a simple fraction 

(e.g. 3/8

 

 

 

 

 

use written division methods in cases where the answer has up to two decimal places

 

 

PROBLEM SOLVING

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

 

 

solve problems that involve all of the above

 

 

solve problems involving increasingly harder fractions to calculate quantities, and fractions to divide quantities, including non-unit fractions where the answer is a whole number 

solve problems involving numbers up to three decimal places 

 

 

 

 

 

solve simple measure and money problems involving fractions and

solve problems which require

 

 

 

 

decimals to two decimal places.

 

knowing percentage and decimal equivalents of 1/ , 1/ ,

                                 2       4

1        2        4

/ , / , / and those

5            5        5

with a denominator of a multiple of 10 or 25.

 

 

Progression in Geometry: Properties of Shapes 

 

 

 

IDENTIFYING SHAPES AND THIER PROPERTIES

 

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

recognise and name common 2-D and 3-D shapes, including: 

*      2-D shapes [e.g. rectangles (including squares), circles and triangles] 

*      3-D shapes [e.g. cuboids (including cubes), pyramids and spheres]. 

 

identify and describe the properties of 2-D shapes, including the number of sides and line symmetry in a vertical line 

 

 

identify lines of symmetry in 2D shapes presented in different

orientations 

 

identify 3-D shapes, including cubes and other cuboids, from 2-

D representations 

 

recognise, describe and build simple 3-D shapes, including making nets 

(appears also in Drawing and

Constructing)

identify and describe the properties of 3-D shapes, including the number of edges,

vertices and faces 

 

illustrate and name parts of circles, including radius, diameter and circumference and know that the diameter is twice the radius

identify 2-D shapes on the surface of 3-D shapes, [for example, a circle on a cylinder and a triangle on a pyramid] 

 

 

DRAWING AND CONSTRUCTING

 

 

 

draw 2-D shapes and make 3-D shapes using modelling materials; recognise 3-D shapes in different orientations and describe them

complete a simple symmetric figure with respect to a

specific line of

symmetry

draw given angles, and measure them in degrees (o

draw 2-D shapes using given dimensions and angles

recognise, describe and build simple 3-D shapes, including making nets (appears also in Identifying Shapes and Their

Properties)

 

COMPARING AND CLASSIFYING

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

 

compare and sort common 2-D and 3-D shapes and everyday objects

 

compare and classify geometric shapes, including quadrilaterals and triangles, based on their properties and sizes 

 

use the properties of rectangles to deduce related facts and find missing lengths and angles 

compare and classify geometric shapes based on their properties and sizes and find unknown angles in any triangles, quadrilaterals, and regular polygons 

 

 

 

distinguish between regular and irregular polygons based on reasoning about equal sides and angles

ANGLES

 

 

recognise angles as a property of shape or a description of a turn

 

know angles are measured in degrees: estimate and compare acute, obtuse and reflex angles

 

 

 

identify right angles, recognise that two right angles make a half-turn, three make three quarters of a turn and four a complete turn; identify whether angles are greater

identify acute and obtuse angles and compare and order angles up to two right angles by size 

 

identify:  * angles at a point and one

whole turn

(total 360o

* angles at a point on a straight line

and ½ a turn

(total 180o

recognise angles where they meet at a point, are on a straight line, or are vertically opposite, and find missing angles

 

 

than or less than a right angle

 

* other multiples of 90o  

 

 

 

identify horizontal and vertical lines and pairs of perpendicular and parallel lines

 

 

 

 

Progression in Geometry: Position and Direction

 

 

 

POSITION, DIRECTION AND MOVEMENT

 

 

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

describe position, direction and movement, including half, quarter and three-quarter turns.

use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and threequarter turns (clockwise and  anti-clockwise) 

 

describe positions on a 

2-D grid as

coordinates in the first quadrant 

identify, describe and represent the position of a shape following a reflection or translation, using the appropriate language, and know that the shape has not changed 

describe positions on the full coordinate grid (all four

quadrants)

 

describe movements between positions as translations of a given

unit to the left/right and up/down 

draw and translate simple shapes on the coordinate plane, and reflect them in the axes. 

 

 

 

plot specified points and draw sides to complete a given polygon

 

 

 

 

PATTERN

 

 

 

order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns and sequences

 

 

 

 

 

Progression in Algebra 

 

EQUATIO

NS

 

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

solve one-step problems that involve addition and subtraction, using concrete objects and pictorial

representations, and missing number problems such as  7 = * - 9 

(copied from Addition and Subtraction)

recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and missing number problems.

(copied from Addition and Subtraction) 

solve problems, including

missing number problems, using number facts, place value, and more complex addition and subtraction. (copied

from Addition and Subtraction)

 

 

use the properties of rectangles to deduce related facts and find missing lengths and angles 

(copied from

Geometry: Properties of Shapes)

express missing number problems algebraically

solve problems, including missing number problems, involving multiplication and division, including integer scaling 

(copied from

Multiplication and

Division)

 

recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use related facts up to 100

(copied from Addition and Subtraction)

 

 

 

find pairs of numbers that satisfy number sentences involving two unknowns

represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20 (copied

from Addition and Subtraction)

 

 

 

 

 

enumerate all possibilities of combinations of two variables

 

 

 

 

FORMULAE

 

 

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

 

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

 

 

 

 

Perimeter can be

expressed

algebraically as 2(a + b) where a and b are the dimensions in the same unit.  (Copied from NSG measurement)

 

use simple formulae 

recognise when it is possible to use formulae for area and volume of shapes 

(copied from

Measurement)

 

 

 

SEQUENCES

 

 

sequence events in chronological order using language such as: before and after, next, first, today, yesterday, tomorrow, morning, afternoon and evening

(copied from

Measurement)

 

compare and sequence intervals of time

(copied from

Measurement) 

 

 

 

 

generate and describe linear number sequences

order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns 

(copied from

Geometry: position and direction) 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Progression in Statistics 

 

 

INTERPRETING, CONSTRUCTING AND PRESENTING DATA

 

Year 1

Year 2

Year 3

Year 4

Year 5

Year 6

 

interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and simple tables 

interpret and present data using bar charts,

pictograms and tables 

 

interpret and present discrete and continuous data using appropriate graphical methods, including bar charts and time graphs 

complete, read and interpret information in tables, including timetables

interpret and construct pie charts and line graphs and use these to solve problems 

 

 

ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category and sorting the categories by quantity

 

 

 

 

 

ask and answer questions about totalling and comparing categorical

data

 

 

 

 

 

SOLVING PROBLEMS

 

 

 

solve one-step and two-step questions [e.g. ‘How many more?’ and ‘How many fewer?’] using information presented in scaled bar charts and pictograms and tables.

solve comparison, sum and difference problems using information presented in bar charts, pictograms, tables and other graphs.

solve comparison, sum and difference problems using information presented in a line graph 

 

calculate and interpret the mean as an average

 

Progression in Ratio and Proportion 

 

Statements only appear in Year 6 but should be connected to previous learning, particularly fractions and multiplication and division

 

 

 

 

 

Year 6

 

 

 

 

 

solve problems involving the relative sizes of two quantities where missing values can be found by using integer multiplication and division facts 

 

 

 

 

 

solve problems involving the calculation of percentages [for example, of measures, and such as 15% of 360] and the use of percentages for comparison 

 

 

 

 

 

solve problems involving similar shapes where the scale factor is known or can be found 

 

 

 

 

 

solve problems involving unequal sharing and grouping using knowledge of fractions and multiples.